As we all know, the online world is full of risks, and every day we have to pay close attention to possible threats that could affect our privacy.
Phishing is one of the most well-known cyber threats, but at the same time the one we tend to fall for most easily. The goal of this scam is to steal information and personal data from users. It can be defined for all intents and purposes as a kind of solicitation, where the cyber-malicious person psychologically tricks the user by exploiting his or her fears, and steals valuable information from him or her, such as banking credentials or identity documents, which can then be used to perform a variety of illegal actions, without the person concerned being aware of it.
But let’s be clear: Phishing is a cyber attack in which an e-mail is sent from an e-mail address that looks like that of a trusted organization, such as a bank or post office. The text of the email usually alerts us that there is a problem related to our account, usually security-related, inviting the user to enter data within the site attached to the email. In this way, the user enters their data, without realizing that they are giving it away to the criminal. Not only that, once we enter the fake site, it is possible for our device to be infected with viruses, such as Trojan horses and malware.
How to defend against these attacks? Recognizing them can be quite simple, usually phishing messages have an alarmist tone. A classic example is “If you do not respond, your account will be closed in 48 hours.” And, in the case of e-mail, they are sent in bulk: so no e-mail address appears in the bar reserved for recipients. However, one basic rule must be kept in mind: no one can protect our information better than ourselves. That is why it is necessary to always pay the utmost attention to where we enter data and store them carefully.